'Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti (1900 - 1978)
Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti was a Nigerian politician, a teacher, women's rights' activist, an African feminist and founder of the Nigerian Women s union. In the forties, after the British colonial administration had decided measures on meeting rights and tax policy that had drastic consequences for the economic independence of the women in Nigeria, she organised tax strikes, demonstrations and a wide spectrum of measures of civilian disobedience. This led the administration of the Egba kingdom, which was under the authority of Great Britain, to the brink of collapse. These protests, which caused nation-wide and internationally sensation, came in the history as “Egba Women's War or "Nigerian Women's struggle".'--www.tanimola.de.
'Funmilayo Ransome Kuti who always wanted a better education for women started the first
adult education program for women in the country, which she called “the social welfare club for market women". Through these clubs, she also helped Nigeria’s independence movement.'--www.tanimola.com
For Women and the Nation: Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria
For Women and the Nation by Odim and Mba is the story of this courageous woman, one of a handful of full-length biographies of African women activists. It will be welcomed by students of women's studies, African history, and biography, as well as by opponents of the Nigerian military regime that has held one of her sons, Dr. Beko Ransome-Kuti, in solitary confinement since August 1995.
Women in the Development of Nigeria since Pre-Colonial
Literature on Nigeria's national development is relatively silent on the contributions of women. However, 1975 (the International Women's Year), was a period of ferment in ideas about the status of women (Ogunsheye, 1988).
Images: Private Collection
Nordic Journal of African Studies 8(1): 94-116 (1999) by RAISA SIMOLA, University of Joensuu, Finland
Although Funmilayo Ransome Kuti (1900-1978) was one of the most important nationalist and feminist figures of Nigeria, it was not until 1997 that a biography of her was published. In this paper, I will examine how she is constructed in the biography For Women and the Nation: Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria by Cheryl Johnson-Odim and Nina Emma Mba. I will also look at her construction in Fela Fela, This bitch of a life, edited by Carlos Moore in 1982. The Yorubas - one of the three biggest ethnic groups of Nigeria - have been divided into a number of groups including the Egbas, to which Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti belonged. Yorubas have been essentially town dwellers (Fadipe 1991: 113), and she was not an exception. To define her local identity even more precisely: she was born in Abeokuta, lived in Abeokuta most of her life and even died there. In this paper I am interested in the construction of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti through her negotiation of various values in general and deeds of resistance in particular. I will also have a look at the world view of her son Fela Kuti (1938-1987), wishing through comparisons to better characterize the world view of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti.